Myxedema Causes, Signs and Symptoms, and Treatment

  posted by: Rio Dianne



Myxedema Causes, signs and symtpoms, treatmentHypothyroidism is a medical condition where your thyroid gland fails to make enough hormones which are responsible for thyroid functions. Yes, there are low levels of thyroid hormones in this condition, and when these levels continue to decline, the sufferer may experience a life threatening complication called myxedema coma.

Myxedema coma calls for an immediate trip to the hospital. On the other hand, it pays a good deal to have atleast some background about myxedema causes, signs and symptoms, and treatment. Having said this, you can learn bits of information by reading the rest of the article below.

Causes of Myxedema Coma

The exact cause of the condition roots from excessive low amount of thyroid hormone. On the other hand, there are also some factors that can aggravate the condition apart from hypothyroidism. Included are the following:

  • Trauma
  • Infections
  • Surgery
  • Certain use of drugs
  • unable to take prescript thyroid meds
  • exposure to extreme cold

Its Signs and Symptoms

Apart from the symptoms of hypothyroidism, other warning signs may be seen on the patient:

  • low body temperature
  • shortness of breath
  • low BP
  • low blood sugar level
  • unconsciousness or the patient becomes unresponsive

When such signs are seen, it is important that you seek medical care immediately to prevent further complications in both children and in adults. Blood tests alongside test for thyroid function (T3, T4, and TSH levels) may be carried out as lab tests.

How to Treat Myxedema Coma

Treatment option for the condition is usually focused on replacing the deficient thyroid hormone. Drug use is necessary on how to cure it thus levothyroxine may be used as medication treatment. Apart from hormone replacement, measures such as the following are also considered:

  • IV therapy
  • Electrolyte replacement
  • Glucose supplementation especially in presence of low blood sugar
  • Steroid meds
  • Antibiotics in presence of infection

Unfortunately, there isn’t any prevention tip that can help you get rid of Myxoedema totally. However, screening in children, particularly newborns, is an effective method to see if your child may be suffering from the problem.


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